Monday, June 19, 2017


Bear is a sweet lovable Teddy Bear who will literally give you a bear hug. 

He wants to thank everyone for the gifts they sent last week. 
He also wants you to know that he loves to eat, so if you would like to send him something and the other kitties you can do so using our

Amazon Wish list link below:

Thank you Jack and Jewell Frost for the food, syringes, bleach and litter!
Thank you Betsy Snider for the scratch and rests!
Thank you Baby Sweets, Copperfield and Valentine for the foods!
Thank you Jill Sparapany for the foods!

Some of the many bird feeders in the 
memorial garden

Thank you Cathy Steinbuck for the food, dish soap, and scratch and rests!
Thank you unnamed for all the foods and laundry soap!
Thank you Danny Cook for the food!
Thank you Linda for the scratcher pads!

Thank you Connie H for all the food!
Thank you Amanda Green for the foods and cat litters!
Thank you to the several unnamed people for all the food!
Thank you to the unnamed people for the laundry soap, dishsoap, syringes and litter!

Thank you to the several unnamed people for all the food!
Thank you unnamed for the food and dish soap!
Thank you Nancy Damrow for the litter!
Thank you Dawn Naska for the syringes!

Thank you Scott for the food and litter!
Thank you  Sue Elliston for all the food!
Thank you Nancy Damrow for the litters!
Thank you Arthur White for the scratch and rests!
Thank you Suzanne Coholic for all the food!

Thank you Ann Mary  for all the food and litter!
Thank you Bonnie Cook for all the fluid supplies!
Thank you Dawn Naska for all the scratch and rests!
Thank you unnamed for all the litter!
Thank you unnamed for all the food!
Thank you unnamed for the paper towels and laundry soap!

This is how many bowls get washed several times a day at BCR
This is just one of the 2 houses. 

Open House was amazing last Sat.
The community really came out to support BCR.
Cars were lined up down the driveway out to the road.
We also had guest that came from out of town
that stayed the week, helped clean every day,
do tours and play with the kitties. 
If you would like to arrange to come stay at our
guest house please just email us so 
we know when you are coming.
We do ask that you work in return for staying there.

We have another Open House July 15th and I hear we
have more guest coming to spend the week. 

Thanks to Amy and other people that I used pictures from for the blog. 

Do not forgot to do the daily quiz. There are 8 categories now and more being added.

Also Thank you so much to everyone doing the Fresh Step
Paw contest. We have enough points for another pallet of litter.
The contest is still going to if you have not entered please do. 

YOU may WIN $5000!!! And Win $5,000 for the cats!!! ♥♥
Enter here ==>
Please Pick Blind Cat Rescue as your charity!
We are in zip code 28384 (if it ask you, also set it as 2 miles away and you will see us :)
 Thank you for helping!!  

Also if you put the bonus codes :
LOVESHELTERCATS - location other for 100 point bonus
SHELTERBONUS116 - location other for 50 point bonus!

Thursday, June 8, 2017

Feline Diabetes

Mandy Cooper

Feline Diabetes

Insulin is produced by special cells in the pancreas (an organ close to the liver) and this hormone is critical in the control and utilization of blood glucose (sugar). Insulin is produced and released into the blood in response to increasing levels of blood glucose, and this allows the glucose to be taken up by cells in the body (and used for energy) and helps to maintain normal levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes in cats appears to be very similar to type 2 diabetes in humans.

What is feline diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus (also known as sugar diabetes) is a complex but common disease in which a cat's body either doesn't produce or doesn't properly use insulin. During digestion, the fats, carbohydrates and proteins that are consumed in the diet are broken down into smaller components that can be used by cells in the body. One component is glucose, a fuel that provides the energy needed to sustain life.

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas and is responsible for regulating the flow of glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. When insulin is ineffective, the cat's body starts breaking down fat and protein stores to use as alternative energy sources. As a result, the cat eats more yet loses weight. On top of that, the cat develops high levels of sugar in the bloodstream which is disposed of in the urine. In turn, sugar in the urine leads to weeing more than usual and extreme thirst. 

Cat owners usually notice these classical signs of diabetes:
       Ravenous appetite
       Weight loss
       Increased need to wee
       Increased need to drink more

Diabetes mellitus is generally divided into two different types in cats. Insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM) and noninsulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM). Insulin dependent diabetic cats therefore require insulin injections as soon as the disease is diagnosed and non insulin dependent cats require insulin injections to control the condition.

While diabetes can affect any cat, it most often occurs in older, obese cats. Male cats are more commonly affected than females. The exact cause of the condition is not known, although obesity, chronic pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism, Cushing's disease and certain medications have all been linked to the condition

Treatment of diabetes in cats

Diabetes is usually a treatable condition but it is not a simple condition to manage and does require dedication and commitment from owners. It can be however, an extremely rewarding problem to manage when things go well.
Initially, it is important to identify any complicating factors like if the drugs that are being given are causing the diabetes. These should be gradually withdrawn.

Dietary management

There are two major considerations with dietary management of diabetic cats. Firstly, if the cat is overweight or obese, it is very important to regulate their body weight. This itself may result in the resolution of diabetes (obesity interferes with the action of insulin). Weight loss can be achieved through a combination of reduced calorie intake and increased exercise although the latter can be challenging in cats. If your cat is very overweight then your vet may suggest a special weight reduction diet to help.

As a routine, cats with diabetes appear to benefit a lot from a diet that is low in carbohydrates. Several studies have shown that cats with diabetes are easier to manage, have lower insulin requirements and in some cases, the diabetes actually resolves itself simply by changing them to a diet that is very low in carbohydrates. Some diets available from your vet are specifically made to meet the requirements of a diabetic cat but if these are not available, feeding a low carbohydrate kitten diet may be a suitable alternative. Speak to your vet about these options.

Some weight loss tips include:

       Have your cat's weight checked regularly by a vet nurse. Regular contact with a nurse can dramatically help with your cat's weight loss. Feeding quantities may need adjusting in order to find the correct amount for your cat.
       Weigh out the daily food allowance in the morning and place it in a container to divide between the allocated meals. This way you are less likely to overfeed your cat. You can take out a few kibbles and give as treats throughout the day.
       It is important that no “extras” are added to your cat's daily allowance which includes milk and cat milk.
       Increase your cat's exercise levels gently in line with the nurse who can help to design an exercise program. Cats can exercise by use of toys, wheels, etc. Remember that “little and often” is generally more beneficial for weight loss.
       Place the food in different areas or hide kibbles around the house to encourage your cat to exercise more. A food dispenser is also ideal In these situations making the cat work a little to get its food.
       If you have more than one cat, it is important to feed them separately and to watch over them when they eat. If just one of the cats is obese, try feeding the others on a high surface that the obese cat cannot jump onto or perhaps feed them in a box with only a small entry hole that an obese cat cannot squeeze through.
       It can be wise to inform your neighbors too that your cat is going on a weight loss program and not to feed them.
       For a weight loss program to be successful, everyone involved in caring for the cat and who may feed the cat, needs to be on the same side.

Oral drugs to control diabetes

In humans with diabetes, a number of oral drugs (tablets) are available that can help control the condition. Many of these are either toxic to cats (so should not be used) or simply do not work in cats. Some tablets (that lower blood glucose) can work in a small proportion of diabetic cats but their long term use is a little disputed. This may be an option occasionally for cats that are very difficult to inject with insulin.

Using insulin injections

Most diabetic cats will need to have their diabetes managed with daily or twice daily injections of insulin just as is needed for many humans with diabetes. Although the prospect of having to inject your cat once or twice a day is very daunting for most owners, it can actually be very easy to do with practice and because insulin syringes and needles are small, the cat usually does not feel a thing. The injection is given under the skin, usually in the scruff of the neck.

Your vet will help by talking you through the whole procedure and letting you practice before ever having to give insulin to your own cat. Sometimes practicing by injecting water into something like an orange can help to get the feel of how to handle the syringe and needle and gain confidence. It is usually easiest to try and inject your cat when they are distracted with other things (when they are eating a tasty treat for example) and to begin with it may be better to have a second person who can help hold your cat although with practice, this will not be needed.

Several different types of insulin are available, some are specifically licensed for use in dogs and cats, others may be licensed for use in humans but still be suitable for dog and cat use. In general, insulins are divided into:

       Short acting preparations (soluble insulin)
       Intermediate acting preparations (lente insulin)
       Long acting preparations (protamine zinc insulin, insulin glargine and insulin detemir)

Individual cats may respond differently to different insulin's but most cats will require twice daily injections of an intermediate or long acting type of insulin although some cats can be managed with once daily injections.

Storing and handling Insulin

It is important to store insulin properly so that it maintains its efficiency. Insulin should be kept in a fridge at all times and never frozen. Before drawing up insulin into a syringe, the contents of the bottle should be gently mixed so that an even suspension is obtained but you should not shake the bottle as this may damage the insulin.

       Always carefully follow the instructions from your vet when using the insulin
       Carefully draw up the correct amount of insulin in the syringe. Occasionally, insulin pens are used which help to make giving small amounts of insulin easier.
       If you are not sure whether an injection has been given successfully, never give a second injection. It is better to miss a dose rather than risk giving too much insulin

Stabilizing a diabetic cat

Many vets will hospitalized diabetic cats undergoing initial stabilization. Insulin is given and regular blood tests are used to monitor the effect on blood glucose. This allows adjustments to be made to the insulin dose (and if necessary, a change in the type of insulin or frequency of injection) to get good control of the diabetes.

In some cases, this may be done on an outpatient basis with regular trips to your vet to check blood glucose levels. In these cases, it may take a little longer to stabilize the cat as changes in the insulin dose will be made slowly to avoid causing problems.

Long term management of the diabetic cat

Day to day routines, feeding (type of food, frequency), activity and body weight should be kept as constant as possible as this will help minimize changes in insulin needs. Once a diabetic cat is stable, the dose of insulin may still need to be adjusted on an occasional basis. Only do this with the advice of your vet though.

Several things will help you and your vet monitor your diabetic cats. Your vet will, from time to time, want to:

       Check blood samples to look at blood glucose levels
       Check the weight of your cat
       Check urine samples (for glucose and ketones)
       Check the general health of your cat

To help you and your vet manage the diabetes, it is extremely helpful if you are able to keep a daily diary and record key things on a day to day basis. Looking and the changes over time can be extremely helpful in managing your cat.

Keep a daily not of:

       The time of injection and the amount of insulin given
       The cat's appetite and the amount of food eaten
       The overall demeanour of your cat, noting if they become lethargic or more sleepy than usual
       The presence of any vomiting or diarrhea
       If at all possible, measure the amount of water your cat drinks each day. Use a measuring jug to fill their bowl and at the end of the day, tip the water back into the jug to see how much they have drunk. Measuring the water intake is one of the most useful ways to monitor how well the diabetes is controlled. Even if you have more than one cat in your house, measuring how much they all drink my still be a useful guide.
       Weight. If possible, keep a weekly note of your cat's weight and record this in the diary as well. Take the diary with you whenever you go to the vet so that you and your vet can review what has been happening.
       Urine glucose. Your vet may suggest you collect a urine sample from your cat from time to time so that you (or your vet) can check for glucose in the urine with a very simple paper strip test. You can collect urine by replacing the normal litter with an non absorbent litter in the litter box. Special cat litters will be available from your vet.

Only change the dose of your cat's insulin after first talking with your vet. You should never give more insulin unless your vet has told you to. This is important as giving too much insulin can cause a condition called hypoglycemia, where the blood glucose level is too low.

The signs of hypoglycemia are weakness, disorientation, the cat may appear as though they are intoxicated, they may collapse and this can progress to fits and/or a coma. This is a life threatening situation and requires immediate action. If your cat ever shows any of these signs, contact your vet immediately. In the meantime, it is helpful to give some glucose syrup or powder by mouth to your cat. As a precaution, it is always best to have a small bottle of glucose syrup (available from your vet or chemist) in the house when you have a diabetic cat.

What is the prognosis of a diabetic cat?

The long term outlook for cats with diabetes varies according to how old they are, how easy it is to stabilize their diabetes, whether they have any other conditions and how severe they are. Many diabetic cats have an excellent quality of life and may can live happily with their diabetes if they are well managed. These cats can be extremely rewarding to manage but not every cat responds well. Your vet will want to carry out regular examinations to evaluate the response with your cat and if your cat proves difficult to stabilize, becomes unstable or appears to need large doses of insulin, further tests may be needed to look for other underlying problems.


*This article is just to help you understand more about Feline Diabetes. Always take your cat to the vet if you think something is not right with him/her.*

Fresh Step 6-8-2017

Thank you so so much to all the amazingly generous people who share their fresh step points with the cats!!

Donation from Glenda   25
Donation from Linda   85
Donation from Erin  25
Donation from Shannon  35
Donation from Teresa  25
Donation from MaryAnn   25
Donation from Tammy  25
Donation from Jorge  25
Donation from Michelle  100
Donation from Jenessa   35
Donation from Errone   55
Donation from Judi  25
Donation from Sharon  25
Donation from Dawn   25
Donation from Liza   45
Donation from Lynne   35
Donation from regina   55
Donation from Diane   250
Donation from Paris   25

Freshstep has a contest!  You may WIN $5,000
and the charity of your choice (we hope it is Blind Cat Rescue!!)  Wins $5,000 too!

Put CODEWORD  LOVESHELTERCATS in the enter paw points section
Use Location  Other
you get 100 extra paw points!!

Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Fresh Step Contest

Freshstep has a contest!  You may WIN $5,000
and the charity of your choice (we hope it is Blind Cat Rescue!!)  Wins $5,000 too!

Log into your Freshstep account 
 100 bonus Paw Points® when you enter this special code: LOVESHELTERCATS

To grab your bonus points, just select “Other” for location in the drop down menu
 and enter the secret code. June 30.

 Thank you so so much to everyone for their kindness and points!!  Freshstep is not letting us see but the donations below.. I did get an email that shows there was a 2000 point donation and a 610 point donation but they are not listing names on the emails and they must be below the donations below!  Thank you so much to whomever ever shared so generously with the cats!!  We are so grateful for your generosity!!   

Thank you Linda for donating 400 paw points!!
Thank you Jennifer for donating 325 paw points!!
THank you Meredith for donating 200 paw points!!
Thank you Rosann for donating 400 paw points!!
 Thank you Kathy for donating 120 paw points to help the cats! 
Thank you Karen for donating 40 paw points to help the cats! 
 Thank you Michelle for donating 25 paw points to help the cats! 

Donation from Paris06/07/201725
Donation from M06/07/201750
Donation from Mary06/07/201730
Donation from Janice06/07/2017135
Donation from Lara06/07/201725
Donation from Debra06/07/201725
Donation from Raytha06/06/201725
Donation from Susan06/06/2017270
Donation from Kim06/06/201725
Donation from Kim06/06/201725
Donation from Cynthia06/06/201750
Donation from Stephanie06/06/201725
Donation from Marisa06/06/201725
Donation from Amy06/06/2017200
Donation from Carolyn06/06/2017230
Donation from Erik06/06/2017205
Donation from Lyn06/06/2017105
Donation from Rebecca06/06/2017100
Donation from Daniel06/06/201755
Donation from Linda06/06/201725

 We are very grateful for your kindness! If you use Fresh Step litter and do not use your paw points, Please consider donating them to the cats!! They have a shelter program that allows us to use points to get free litter for the cats! We use over 60 boxes each month. Here is the link: Thank you for your generosity!! Please share

Your generosity helps get free cat litter for the cats!!  Thank you so much for all you do for the cats!!!

Monday, June 5, 2017

Urinary Tract Infections in cats

Mandy Cooper

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD)

Feelings of fear or anxiety can affect our cats much like they affect us. Stress can occur in your cat for multiple reasons. Perhaps you've recently moved or brought a new pet or family member home. Whatever the case may be, if you have a stressed cat, there could be an underlying problem. 

One of the first ways to detect this problem is when your cat stops using the litter box. He/she may be peeing in a new spot, spraying on a wall or having trouble urinating. If your cat starts marking his/her territory away from the litter box, it's not out of revenge or spite. It's probably because something is wrong. While it could be a behavioural problem or he/she doesn't like his/her litter box for some reason, a medical condition should first be ruled out. One of the frequent medical causes of a urination problem is feline lower urinary tract disease (UTI).

The wider term known as feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a term used to describe a group of disorders or diseases that affects a cat's lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra). FLUTD is diagnosed after causes like urinary tract infection (UTI) or kidney stones have been ruled out. Causes include crystals or stones in the bladder, bladder infections, urethral obstruction, inflammation in the urinary bladder (sometimes referred to as interstitial or idiopathic cystitis) and other abnormalities in the urinary tract. FLUTD is one of the most common reasons that cats are taken to the vet.

Warning signs of Feline Urinary Tract Infections

       Straining to urinate: Feline idiopathic cystitis can lead to straining while urinating and can eventually lead to more severe situations such as the formation of bladder stones or a urethral plug. Male cats are more at risk of developing a urethral plug. This is a life threatening condition that causes the cat to lose the ability to urinate.
       Frequent attempts to urinate: Cats with FLUTD have a frequent urge to urinate but can only pass a small amount each time.
       Painful urination: If your cat cries out while urinating, this is a tell tale sign that they may be in pain.
       Blood in urine
       Licking the genital or abdominal areas: This is a way for cats to soothe the pain of a urinary tract disease
       Urinating outside the litter box: Take note if your cat is urinating in places other than the litter box especially on cool surfaces like tiles or a bathtub.

What to do if you suspect a FLUTD

If your cat is having trouble urinating and displaying other signs of FLUTD, take him/her to the vet as soon as possible. Your vet will give him/her a physical exam and collect urine samples. Blood work, x-rays and abdominal ultrasound may also be recommended for diagnosis.
Most cases of FLUTD improve without medical treatment but the symptoms can recur. Though they may not be life threatening to your cat, they can be uncomfortable so treatment can improve his/her overall quality of life. While treatment of FLUTD depends on the underlying cause, it is always beneficial to increase your cat's water intake. Maintaining a healthy weight, feeding him/her canned food a few times a day  and encouraging him/her to use the litter box can also help.
Also ask you vet about foods for cats prone to Urinary Tract Infections.  

However, certain conditions simply cannot be treated at home. Bacterial cystitis should be treated with antibiotics while stones must be surgically removed. It's always best to be safe. A simple phone call to your vet when you first notice any of the above symptoms can help diagnose a problem much sooner and save your cat a longer period of discomfort. It's also important to monitor your cat after being diagnosed during treatment to ensure that the problem doesn't reoccur as cats are very good at hiding their pain.

Do not leave anything to chance. Always call your vet or take your cat in if you suspect there is something wrong. 

Preventing future UTIs in your cat

Following your vet visit, you can make other changes to your cat's life to decrease the likelihood of the infection coming back. This includes spending more time with your cat, giving him/her access to windows and giving him/her more toys. You can also increase the number of litter boxes in your home and make sure they are properly cleaned every day. You can prevent or correct the things that expose them to developing the disorder.  

Free, fresh access to water is important.
Consider getting a water fountain so they have fresh cool water and make sure you clean it at least once a week if not daily, depending on how many cats you have. Also change the filter appropriately.
It promotes hydration and helps flush infectious organisms out of the urinary tract.

Hard to prevent, difficult to detect and dangerous if not treated, urinary tract infections affect cats of all ages and breeds. It's important for cats to have regular vet check ups including annual blood tests and urinalysis. 

Because urinary tract infections are less common in males, any UTI in a male cat is considered serious. Untreated urinary problems can cause partial or complete obstruction of the urethra preventing a cat from urinating. This is a medical emergency that can quickly lead to kidney failure and/or rupture of the bladder and can prove fatal if the obstruction is not relieved right away.

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Thinking of adopting a kitten, make it a double.

Mandy Cooper
Just a reminder that BCR does not adopt their cats. They live in their lifetime sanctuary
here at BCR. 

Adopting a kitten? Make it a double!

If you're thinking about bringing a kitten into your life, there are many reasons why you should consider doubling that and bringing home a pair. Starting off with two may actually be much easier and more beneficial for the kittens and for you. Coming into a new home isn't all that easy for a cat. There are a lot of new smells, sounds, people and other pets. Cats are very territorial creatures that don't tend to feel comfortable outside of their safe territory. A new kitten coming into your home may feel a lot of anxiety until they have made your home their home on their own terms.

When you adopt two kittens who have already bonded before you adopt them, they at least have one familiar piece of territory in place (each other). They can be comforted by the presence of one another and learn about their new family and home together. If you have an older kitty in your home, a new kitten could feel rejected by that cat. Kittens have a lot of energy and they want to play and although older cats may still be playful, they will not want to play as much as the kitten does. Adopting two kittens will allow those kittens to get out their energy with one another rather than bothering and older cat. Adopting kittens that are littermates will create harmony in your family.

There is no denying that kittens can be a lot of work and the first year can be like caring for a human baby but adopting two kittens can take some of the burden off of you by giving the kitten someone to play with. Just like humans, cats are not born knowing all of the social rules. They only have a few short weeks to learn how to live with humans. Cats have to learn to behave like cats and get along with other cats. They spend their first several months learning how to use a litter box, how to judge distances, hunting skills, communicating with other cats, controlling aggression through play and what is dangerous and what is not dangerous.

Here are some great reasons why you should adopt in pairs:

       You're saving two lives instead of one. If it's kitten season, that's one more kitten that will get a home instead of growing into an adult which will decrease its chance of getting adopted. It is true that kittens are much easier to place than adult cats.

       A kitten left alone during the day can become lonely and bored which sometimes can lead to mischief. Two kittens will never be lonely, especially if they are siblings

       An older cat will probably accept two kittens better than one. One kitten will seek out the older cat as a playmate or worse, tease and pester the older cat which can cause stress to an older cat. The kitten in return will be rewarded for his playful efforts with hisses and swats. Two kittens will use up their energy in play with each other leaving any older cats to relax in peace.

       Kittens learn by copying. If one kitten is quick to learn appropriate litter box use, the other will be more likely to copy. They also help each other with grooming. Wash up after meals soon becomes a ritual with two kittens.

       Even the most devoted human caregiver can quickly become exhausted by trying to keep up with the energy of a single kitten. Two kittens will wear each other out, leaving their human parent free to just enjoy watching them.

       Many people who experience behaviour problems with kittens find that some of them go away when they adopt another playmate. What may be perceived as mischief is often just the result of boredom. Much like their human friends, kittens sometimes misbehave because negative attention is better than no attention.

       If one kitten is fussy about food, the hostility is often overcome by curiosity at what its sibling/playmate is eating.

       Kittens will often play so hard that they simply flop where they are and more likely than not, they will flop next to or on top of each other. There is no sight any better than seeing two kittens curled up together for a nap.

       They are so amazing and fun to watch. What more could you ask for?

       Two kittens who grow up together will almost always be lifelong friends. Although they will sometimes have their little squabbles, you will more often see them engaging in mutual grooming, playing together and sleeping with their best friend. When thinking of adopting a kitten, think about whether you would deprive your kitten of the enrichment a friend brings to life.

       Kittens raised in pairs get lots of exercise from playing with each other and develop better social skills.

       Two kittens will be able to keep each other company while you are out or at work.

       Out of boredom, a single kitten will often entertain itself by chewing plants, climbing curtains, unrolling toilet paper, exploring electrical cords and sockets, etc. If you have another kitten to tumble around and play with, it is less likely they will need to entertain themselves in destructive and dangerous ways.

       Kittens are very active at night. It is tough to get a good night's sleep when you have a rambunctious kitten jumping on your head or attacking your toes. If given a buddy, they can entertain themselves while you get your sleep.

       Related cats get along together better. Did you know that wild cat colonies usually consist of related cats? There is no guarantee of course that your cats will be friendly with each other just because they are related but it can offer a huge head start in their relationship.

       Cats that are introduced to each other at an early age tend to get along better. It's also true that adult cats accept new kittens more readily than other adult cats. Even if you get two kittens from separate places, they will be what kittens are which is two furballs of joy. If both kittens are born together, they will never consider each other as a threat as they will see each other's presence as natural and safe. 

       Getting two kittens will eliminate worries about introductions later. Introducing two cats to each other does not always go as smoothly as you may hope. Despite cats being social animals, they are territorial as well. Of course you can influence things but why create the hassle when you can choose to get two kittens instead of one? This also applies if you adopted two older cats from the same home, they already know each other and are able to get along so you will not need to re introduce them to one another.

       Getting two kittens will reduce their re homing stress. Have you ever heard the advice about taking a blanket from the previous home along with your kitten in order to reduce stress? Forget the blanket. Take their littermate instead which will be far more powerful in helping with the settling in. Think about it. If you were in a threatening situation, what would make you feel safer? A friend or a blanket?

Just remember that adopting two kittens saves lives and gives other cats and kittens the chance to be taken in and looked after until they are ready for their adopted home. Although kittens are better in pairs, they still require attention from you and regular playtime. It's twice the love, twice the cuddles and there's not much added cost to having a second kitten.

Kittens are still in the learning stages and they learn from their mother, the environment and from each other. Kitten to kitten interaction and playtime helps them develop important social skills that will be needed later in life. They learn how to communicate and read each other's signals, how to bite and how to share territory and in the case of a litter of kittens, the siblings have been together since birth and are already well into this process. They are already bonded by the time you come along as a potential adoptive cat parent. What a great way to start!

Another benefit when you're considering a kitten is that in the case of adoption, the kittens may have been without their mother. As is often the case in rescue, the kittens are even too young to be away from their littermates. So much learning and socialisation takes place in the early part of a kitten's life. If you adopt a pair, the socialisation can continue and they can create security and comfort for each other. Many people are under the impression that cats are solitary and don't want companionship but they do have a social side and truly benefit and thrive when they have a feline buddy.

After the initial kitten vaccinations, the vet costs taper off in most cases. You'll most likely just be dealing with routine yearly appointments and many vet clinics offer discounts as well so be sure and check that out so you can save even more money. Most kittens that you adopt from shelters or rescues have already been vaccinated and spayed/neutered so that's one less money worry for you as cat parents

With kittens, you'll initially have the expense of one litter box until they grow bigger and then you'll add a second box. Scratching posts aren't expensive and if you're really creative, you can even make one for your kittens. When it comes to food, they don't have as much as you might think and it's quite cheap to feed kittens and cats. When it comes to toys and cat furniture, your biggest expense will be a cat tree and you'd have that expense regardless of whether you adopted one kitten or two and if you are at all familiar with cats, you know that some of the best cat furniture are empty cardboard boxes. 

When it comes to care such as grooming, trimming nails and so on, if you start training them to accept the process while they are young, then the process will be very quick once they become adults. Train your kittens to enjoy being touched and handled and it will make life much easier down the road should you ever have to administer medication when they are older. It will also enable you to do nail trims at home. They key is to start the training early, be consistent and gentle. Make it a quick, fun experience that ends with a treat or other reward.

Above all, all that's required for adopting kittens is to open your heart and that's not very hard to do if you adore cats and kittens.