Monday, May 29, 2017


Mr Stubbs would like you to know that if you 
would like to send him or the other kitties 
some gifts you can do so using our 
Amazon Wish List below:

He is also very thankful for all the wonderful things you
have sent this past week and hopes that you have had 
a great Memorial Day. 

Thank you Dawn for the cute beds!
Thank you Linda for all the food!
Thank you Linda for all the food, laundry soap, syringes, gloves, bird seed and all you do for the cats!!

 There is a app while doing tour that lets you put cute things on the cats.
I like to call this The many faces of Stitch. 

Thank you Karen Baron for the beautiful handmade blankets & catnip toys!
Thank you Dawn for the beautiful blankets and hand soap!
Thank you anonymous for all the laundry soap!
Thank you anonymous for all the foods!

Thank you Marie Maher for the syringes!
Thank you Sandy Brown for the food!
Thank you Amy Baranowski and Jane Lutz for all the food, laundry soap and water pump!
Thank you Danny Cook for the food!
Thank you Sunetra and Nishant for the food!
Thank you anonymous for all the litters, syringes, dryer sheets and laundry soap!

Thank you Dawn for all the water fountains!
Thank you to the several anonymous people for all the food, syringes, dish soap!
Thank you Helena Opolts and Kiki for the litter!
Thank you Dawn Naska for the syringes!

Thank you, Kendra for all the food!
Thank you Terri Johnson for the syringes, laundry soap, paper towels, litter and food!
Thank you Helena Opolts and Kiki for all the food and litter!
Thank you DC and Wen for the foods!

Thank you Erin Lasiter for the food!
Thank you Betsy Snider for the food!
Thank you Steven DiCastro for the food!
Thank you Amanda Green for the Tide pods!

Thank you Baby Sweets, Copperfield and Valentine for the scratch and rests!
Thank you Laura and Pooh Bear for the toys, food and litter coupon!
Thank you to the several unnamed people for the batteries, cases of paper towels, food, litter and toys!
Thank you Dawn Naska for the TP!

We are so so grateful for all that you do for the 
kitties here at BCR. We could not do this without you.
We are in a contest so please don't forget to click daily here :
The great pet giveaway

Also please do not forget about the new Daily Click.
This is how it works.
 We contacted the person that runs the click of the day and each
 9 points, or 3 correct questions, equals the original 2 cents.
You do not need to play to 300, but if you do we get entered to
win a bonus $50 for every 300 points.
So actually BCR gets much more this way as if you do
play to 300 that's approximately 0.66 cents!
The kibbles are just a cute way for you to keep
 up with how many questions you have gotten right.
Thanks for playing and helping the kitties :)   

Thank you all so much for playing and helping the kitties.   

Saturday, May 27, 2017

Memorial Day 2017

Thank you to you that serve!

Thank you to those that gave the ultimate sacrifice for our freedom! 

We have a special Smilebox for you.

CLick on the play button to play

Click on each cats picture to enlarge

Click on the page button at the bottom to see each page.

Click to play this Smilebox scrapbook
Create your own scrapbook - Powered by Smilebox
Make your own digital scrapbook

Friday, May 19, 2017

Feral and stray cats and caring for them

Mandy Cooper

What are feral cats?

The term “feral” describes members of a domesticated species that have reverted to living as wild animals. Feral cats have little or no contact with humans and trying to tame them could seriously compromise their welfare. Feral cats live alone or in groups called colonies and are often seen in towns, cities and rural areas.

Caring for feral cats

One of the greatest risks to feral cats is the bitter cold of winter weather. If you have an outdoor shed with a window, you could leave it ajar so cats can slip inside for shelter. You could also provide a box with a blanket in. When feral cats rely on wildlife for food, they expose themselves to dangerous situations due to care and diseases. Put food in an old bowl and put it out for a very needy cat. If the weather is very cold, you could heat the food up slightly to warm a cold kitty's tummy. Cats don't need a lot of space, just a space large enough for them to stand and move about and stay safe from harsh outdoor elements. 

Home-made shelters can be made out of nearly everything from a sturdy cardboard box to a plastic garbage can. Cats will require extra calories and fat during the cold weather months. A dry kitten formula is an excellent source of extra calories. Canned cat foods are also a great source of high calorie nutrition.

Food and water should be protected from the cold and placed as near to the sleeping shelter as possible so cats aren't exposed to harsh conditions.
Feeding the cats at the same time every day will allow them to expect and rely on a routine.

Some people view feral cats as pests. Thankfully, many more value then far more. Despite their wild nature, feral cats still benefit from a certain amount of care, including spaying/neutering. This has major health benefits.

These days, activists are working to protect and control feral cat populations so that these cats can thrive. Feral cats are being offered food, health care and TNR (trap-neuter-release) to ensure these cats stay healthy. Most feral caretakers provide food and water, provide TNR, shelter from the elements, monitoring health concerns by arranging any vet care when needed, making sure their rabies vaccinations are kept up to date, provide vaccinations, provide parasite prevention medication, care for litters of kittens and finding indoor homes for any social cats and kittens that are abandoned at a colony site.

Buying in bulk helps a lot. Think of caring for a feral cat as adopting a pet. You wouldn't welcome a cat or dog into your home and then change your mind several weeks later or drop them off somewhere and hope for the best. People assume that cats are great survivors, find a meal and be just fine but in reality, these cats are cats like the ones you have at home. They are dependant on you so never give up on them. If you can't commit to taking care of feral cats, don't take on the responsibility. In a free roaming environment, feral cats avoid humans and will hiss, growl and bare their teeth if they feel trapped. 

Feral kittens can be trapped and socialised and then adopted but this would need to be done between 7 weeks and 4 months of age. Feral cats in managed colonies can live long lives. Without human assistance, feral kittens are expected to have a high death rate. Trap-neuter-return (TNR) involves trapping feral cats, spaying and neutering them and then returning them to the place they were trapped from where ongoing care if provided by caregivers. When neutered/spayed, the cats receive vaccinations against rabies and other needs such as dental care and flea treatments. Remember that it doesn't take a lot for you to reach out and help a cat whether they are feral, stray or domesticated cats. They all deserve a chance and they can be treated humanely if things are done correctly.

Feral kittens

Healthy kittens that are more than 8 weeks old or weigh 2 pounds are fine to be released back into their colony after being trapped and spayed/neutered but if you have the time and resources, it may be possible to socialise kittens up to 4 months old to be friendly, cuddly cats. All you need is a little skill, hard work and lots of love.

If kittens has never met people, they will be frightened and show signs of fear like hissing, spitting and running away. They need to be taught that they can be comfortable around people. Kittens 8 weeks or younger can be socialised by anyone but kittens between 2 and 4 months old might require more time. Have a kitten wellness visit to the vet. Make sure kittens are vaccinated and dewormed. Rabies vaccinations cannot be given until a kitten is 4 months old. Get immediate vet attention if kittens become lethargic, lose their appetite or have persistent diarrhoea. Make sure you have a room that can be closed off to give you easy access and keep kittens away from other pets. Make sure you keep kittens from hard to reach places and windows should be in the room and it would be quiet. Make kittens feel safe with a little safe zone.

Stray cats

If a cat is approachable and friendly, it may be a stray cat. It's best to try and find its owner if you can. Ask around to see if anyone knows who the cat belongs to. If you can safely transport the cat to a vet, you could have it scanned for a microchip. If no owner is found, you can take on the stray cat yourself. If you are unable to keep the cat for any reason, contact a local shelter for help. You can go to Cats Protection or the RSPCA for help in the UK and to the Humane Society in the USA.

A stray cat is a cat who has been socialised to people at some point but has left or lost their domestic home as well as most human contact and independence. Over time, a stray can become feral if their contact with humans dwindles. Under the right circumstances, a stray cat can become a cat pet again. Stray cats that are re introduced to a home after living outside may require a period of time to adjust. They may be frightened and wary after spending time away from people.

Stray cats may approach people, houses or cars and will likely live alone. They might walk and move like a house cat such as walking with their tail up (a sign of friendliness), they will looks at you, blind and make eye contact , may be vocal or meow, may be visible during the daytime, may appear dirty and will not have an ear tip.

Stray kittens

Before you rush to handle a stray kitten, remember that the mother could be close by, watching and waiting for you to leave. Try to distance yourself from the kitten but remain close enough that you can see whether the mother comes back.

If you see the mother return, take note of your location and contact a local charity. Let them know that you've spotted a stray cat and kitten's. If however, the mother doesn't return, access the kitten's condition and temperament. Make sure it can breathe clearly. Check its paws and body to see if they are cold to the touch. Check for discharge from its eyes or nose. These are signs that the kitten's need vet attention right away. Contact a shelter or charity to explain the situation and ask for advice. Take special care when approaching a kitten who is nervous, crouching, growling or hissing. Call an animal rescue if you can't hand the kitten's yourself. If a kitten is over friendly, it may be someone's pet and you should report is as found. It's important that you can handle and transport the kitten's securely (such as a carrier or well aired box).

How to make a shelter for a feral or stray cat that appears near you

Building a winter shelter for a feral or stray cat can be both simple and inexpensive. Two of the most popular styles are Styrofoam bins and plastic storage bins with removable lids.

When making a shelter, a few basic things to keep in mind are:

       Strong insulation (use straw, not hay or blankets)
       Minimal air space ( a smaller are means that less heat is needed to keep the kitties warm).
       Shelter size is very important (smaller shelters can be heated only by one or two cats. Larger shelters with only one or two cats inside will remain cold. Two smaller shelters are better than one large one. Don't underestimate the cats that come into the shelter. Try to provide more shelter space that you can imagine needing)
       The placement of shelters is also important in keeping cats safe from predators (have the entrance face a wall so only cats can get in and out. All shelters should be out of sight no matter how friendly and are may appear).
       Don't place the shelter directly on the cold ground ( Use materials to raise it off the ground and place straw underneath).
       Make the door as small as possible (Cats need an opening about the size of their whiskers. A small door discourages larger animals from entering. A smaller opening also provides more heat).
       Locate the door several inches above the ground level ( Rain won't splash up through an above the ground door. Snow is less likely to trap the cats by blocking an above the ground door).
       Create extra protection (Use plastic or heavy garbage bags over the opening to provide more insulation and keeping rain and wind from the shelter. It also makes the cat feels safer).
       Prevent dampness ( Raising the rear of the shelter slightly higher from the front helps to keep rain from pooling inside and snow from piling up on the roof. A small hole drilled in the side or bottom of the shelter allows rainwater to drain out. A slanted roof might also discourage predators from sitting on the roof to stalk).
       Secure lightweight shelters against the wind by putting barbell weights on the floor of the shelter under the bedding. Put heavy, flat rocks or bricks on the lid/top. Place two shelters with the doors facing each other to protect the entry).
       Insulate the shelter for extra comfort and warmth (Only insulating materials should be used. Blankets, towels, etc retain wetness and should not be used. Use straw because it can absorb more moisture and is less prone to mold or rot. Don't place water bowls inside the shelter as they can get knocked over).

To assemble a storage bin with removable lids:

       Cut a doorway 6 inches by 6 inches in one of the long sides of the bin towards the corner. Cut the opening so that the bottom of the doorway is several inches above the ground to prevent flooding.
       Line the floor of the bin with a piece of Styrofoam, using the yardstick and box cutter to cut the piece. If doesn't have to be an exact fit but the closer the better.
       In a similar way, line each of the 4 interior walls of the bin with a piece of Styrofoam. Perfect cuts are not necessary. Leave a cap of 3 inches between the top of the Styrofoam wall pieces and the upper lip of the bin.
       Cut out a doorway in the Styrofoam interior wall where the doorway has already been cut out in the storage bin.
       Measure the length and width of the interior space and place a second, smaller size bin into the open interior. This bin should fit as snugly as possible against the Styrofoam wall pieces. Cut a doorway into this bin where the doorways have been cut into the Styrofoam and outer bin.
       Stuff the bottom of the interior bin with straw or other insulating material to provide both insulation and a comfortable spot to lie down.
       Cut out a Styrofoam roof to rest on top of the Styrofoam all pieces.
       Cover the bin with its lid

This shelter is easy to clean by taking off the lid and the roof. It is lightweight and may need to be weighed down. A flap over the doorway is optional.

Thursday, May 18, 2017


Our kitties love goodies from our Amazon Wish List.
You can send them something from the link below :
If you live outside the US and want to send something please
use the link above the US Amazon. This way you
do not pay for the extra shipping to the US. 
Also do you like to shop on Amazon as much as we do?
If so please use Amazon Smile and choose us as your
charity of choice. All Amazon Smile purchases
you make for yourself, Amazon donates money 
to BCR. It really adds up.

Thank you Linda for all the gloves and bleach!
Thank you Connie Quebbemann for all the food!
Thank you Lynne Allison for the food!
Thank you Karen Cook for the food!
Thank you Sheila Bassett for the food!
Thank you Unnamed for the case of paper towels!
Thank you unnamed for the food!

Thank you Dawn Naska for the scratch and rests!
Thank you Kimberly Pollack for all the food!
Thank you Nancy Damrow for all the food!
Thank you Dawn Naska for all the water pumps!
Thank you Linda Carden for pizza for open house and all the dish soap!
Thank you Tove Beatty for the food, syringes, litter and dryer sheets!

Thank you Suzanne Coholic for the food!
Thank you Kimberly Pollack, Clarence & Iggy for all the food!
Thank you Kris Billingsley for the foods!
Thank you Marie Maher for the food!
Thank you Dawn Naska for all the food!
Thank you Linda Carden for all the syringes!

As always thank you for all your support. Thanks
to Cheryl for the pictures also taken from our
Meshare cameras. You can watch some of 
the rooms 24 hours a day by going to 

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Different type of cat enclosures or catios and keeping your cat cool in the summer

While there are some benefits to letting your cat outside, the cons far outweigh the pros and it's easier and safer to keep your kitty indoors and create an environment where they have the benefit of feeling like they are outside (like catios, summer and winter houses and enclosures)

Some risks involved with letting cats outside include the danger of injury where they can be injured or killed on the roads. Cats can also be injured through contact with other cats, dogs or not so nice humans. Cats can contract harmful diseases through fighting and contact with other cats as well as the environment. Cats can pick up parasites such as fleas, ticks and a variety of internal worms. Your cat could get lost or go missing or they can be taken by someone else. Cats are more vulnerable to outside poisons with common poisons including anti freeze and garden chemicals.

Teaching an outdoor cat to live indoors begins with a vet exam and spaying/neutering. A spayed/neutered cat will be less interested in outside life because their mating instinct is dramatically reduced. It's always recommended that you have your cat micro chipped so if kitty does gets out, you'll stand a much better chance of them being returned to you. There are ways to make your home an inviting place for a cat.

Provide them with an inviting toilet area. Cats generally like somewhere soft to bury their toilet so you can provide them with a litter tray in the house. Keep your cat occupied. It's important to allow cats opportunities to show their hunting behaviour as it keeps them mentally stimulated. Provide them with toys to keep them occupied. Provide climbing towers and activity centres, even cardboard boxes are a hit. Try to get involved with play to make it enjoyable.

Create interest at mealtimes 
by hiding biscuits around the house for your cat to find. Swap toys around regularly to keep them interesting. Provide your cat with an accessible place to hide so they can feel safe and secure. Make sure kitty has somewhere safe to go up high. They feel safer when they can see their environment from a height.

Provide plenty of large, comfortable beds and a scratching post so your furniture doesn't get ruined. Cats like to express their natural behaviour by scratching. You could also provide a window perch and put out a bird feeder so your cat has entertainment to watch from the window.

One way to enrich the lives of your indoor cats is to offer them safe experiences outside either by walking them with a specialised harness or providing them with a secure, outdoor enclosure off the house or in the garden. You could also install a window box that provides a protected perch for cats to enjoy a view of the outdoors. 

Before making an enclosure outside for your cat, some key things to think about include the size, the location, is it seasonal or all year round, accessibility and the furniture that will go in there.

      Catio Spaces

Size (big or small) – You can build it to be window size or as large as you need.
       Location – Where do you want the enclosure to be? You can build if off an existing window, door or patio.
       Seasonal or all year round – This will determine the type of roof and walls.
       Accessibility – How will you access the enclosure? Make sure you provide a lockable outside access door.
       Kitty furniture – Climbers, kurandas, cat trees, etc

It's recommended that an enclosure has 3-4 sides and a roof. A catio is a cat enclosure that screens off your patio creating a safe space for your cat to get extra exercise and fresh air. Before building your catio, get permission if needed, preferably in writing. Make sure your catio is escape proof. There should be no openings where your cat can squeeze through. Ensure your catio frame is strong and everything is firmly attached. A quick checklist to help you create the perfect outdoor space for your cat.

       Materials – Choose a plan that uses wood, metal or other sturdy, non toxic materials
       Floor – Decide whether you want to build on grass or build a floor for the catio
       Roof – Make sure the roof is strong enough to handle any weather conditions.
       Perches – Create a place for a cat tree, scratching posts, climbing structures or you could provide your cat a cat wheel.
       Water – Include a bowl of fresh water.
       Litter box – Provide a litter box or easy access to litter boxes inside
       Room for you – Make sure there is a human sized door and space for a chair
       Protection from the elements – Your cat will need ventilation in warm weather and a cozy place to retreat from the cold
       Supervision – Always supervise your cat. Build it where you can see it and consider adding lights if kitty has night-time access.

Where you can buy ready made catios in the UK

Where you can buy kits to make your own catio in the UK

Where you can buy ready made catios in the USA

Where you can buy kits to make your own catio/enclosure in the USA

How to keep cats cool in the Summer

Very young kittens, old cats, sick cats and the obese are at greater risk during the hot months as they are less efficient at regulating their body temperature. Cats do sweat but only through their paw pads which isn't enough to cool them down a great deal. Here are some tips for keeping your kitty cool.

       If kitty is outside in a catio or enclosure, make sure they have access to somewhere shady. They should have access to plenty of cool, fresh drinking water so place bowls in shady spots so the water doesn't get too hot.
       Fill a hot water bottle with cool tap water and put some ice cubes in it or place it in the freezer for half and hour (don't let the water freeze), remove and put if under a blanket in your cat's bed.

       Alternatively, place towels in the freezer for a few hours, removed them and place in your cat's bed.
       If your kitty goes outside, try to keep them in between 10am and 2pm when it is at its hottest.
       Place a few ice cubes into their water bowl and replace them often.
       If you know it is going to be a hot day and you are at work or out for the day, close the blinds/curtains in one or two rooms to keep the sun out. This will help the rooms stay cooler.
       If you are out for the day, place a bowl in the kitchen sink and leave the tap dripping (slowly) so they have a constant supply of cool, fresh water or you can invest in a water fountain.
       Don't over exert your cat on warmer days, if you must play with them, do so either early in the morning or in the evening when it has cooled down.
       Do not leave a cat in the car. It only takes a couple of minutes for the car to seriously overheat.
       On really hot days, leave a fan on or the air conditioning on.
       Let your cat sleep where they choose, most likely this will be on a cool floor.
       Try and keep your kitty calm so they aren't running around and exerting themselves so they don't get dehydrated.

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Spaying and Neutering your cat.

BCR is very passionate about pet owners spaying and neutering
their cats or dogs.
 We do several fundraisers every year by 
selling T- shirts or entering contests to help win money
to donate to help the local clinics so people can spay or neuter
their pets. If everyone spayed or neutered their pets 
100s of thousands of cats and dogs would not be euthanized each year
because they are sick and or unwanted. 

Mandy Cooper


A female cat can get pregnant as early as 4 months old when they become sexually active

Whether you have recently adopted a cat or are considering it, one of the most important health decisions you will ever make is to spay or neuter your cat. Your female cat will live a longer and healthier life. Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer which is fatal in about 90% of cats. Spaying your female before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases.

Neutering provides major health benefits for your male cat. Besides preventing unwanted litters, neutering your boy prevents testicular cancer. Your spayed female won't go into heat. Female cats usually go into heat 4-5 days every 3 weeks during breeding season. Your male cat will do just about anything to find a mate so he risks injury, being hit by a car and fights with other males. Your male cat will be much better behaved and many aggression problems can be avoided by neutering.

Spaying and neutering will not make your pet fat. Lack of exercise and overfeeding will cause your pet to pile on the pounds, not neutering. It is very cost effective as caring for your cat's litters will be costly as you have more mouths to feed. It is very good for the community as it reduces the number of animals on the streets having to fend for themselves. The most important benefit is that spaying and neutering helps fight cat overpopulation which can lead to lots of unwanted cats. It also helps to reduce the stray and feral cat population and also reduces the spread of some diseases and deformities.

Benefits of spaying females are:
       No heat cycles
       Less desire to roam
       Less risk of breast tumours, ovarian and uterine cancer
       Reduces the number of unwanted kittens
       Helps her live a longer and healthier life

Benefits of neutering males are:

       Reduces/eliminates the risk of spraying or marking
       Less desire to roam
       Less risk of testicular cancer and prostrate disease
       Reduces the number of unwanted kittens
       Helps him live a longer and healthier life

What is spaying and how to look after your female pet after surgery

Spaying is the surgical removal of a female cat's ovaries and uterus. 
A big part of this involves removal of the egg production and the female hormones which can cause a female to roam and call for mates.

When spaying a cat, your female needs to be fasted the night before surgery. Young kittens should not be fasted for more than 8 hours prior to surgery. Water should NOT be withheld.

When your cat has had her surgery, there are some things to consider to improve her healing, health and comfort levels. Unless your vet says otherwise, it is normally fine to feed your cat the night after surgery. Offer her a small meal in case has has an upset tummy but you can leave food for her in case she wants to eat little and often. Avoid any fatty foods for a few days to avoid any upsets. Also be aware of your cat's medication and whether they need to be given with food.

If your girl won't eat for more than 24 hours after surgery, contact your vet straight away. It takes 10=14 days for wounds to heal after surgery so it is recommended that any running around or vigorous exercise be avoided. It's very important to keep your cat inside so you can check on her progress and well being daily.

Monitor the wound to ensure it stays healthy and clean. Look out for any signs of redness, swelling and pain as well as any obvious signs of infection. If you notice anything isn't quite right, go back to the vet. If the wound gets dirty from mud or feces, you can clean the wound with warm, salty water. Do not let her lick her wounds. This causes breakdown of the wound causing bacteria to enter and causes infection so the wound takes longer to heal. At the first sign on licking, go to your vet and get a collar or cone to prevent them getting to it.

 Do not bath your cat or let them swim for the first 14 days after surgery. Most vets send your pets home with pain relief. Do not give your cat human pain killers as they are toxic to cats. Keep your cat confined and quiet so they can heal. Monitor your cat's general demeanor after spaying. Most cats should be back to normal within 3 days after surgery. If your pet shows no sign of eating or drinking or vomiting, seek help immediately.

What is neutering and how to look after your male pet after surgery

Neutering is the removal of a male cat's testicles. The parts that are removed are those responsible for sperm reduction so that he can't get a female pregnant.

Your male cat needs to be kept indoors the evening before surgery and if your cat is over 4 months old, food must be withdrawn at midnight the night before surgery. Water should NOT be withheld

After your boy has been neutered, create a safe recovery place for him. Make sure that any hiding spaces are covered so you can easily see him. Keep children and other pets away so he can rest. Keep him comfy and keep the lights low if you can. Provide a clean litter box and easy access to food and water. It's advised not to use regular cat litter for at least a week following surgery and use newspaper instead. Keep an eye on the incision area and use a collar so he can't lick his wounds. Let your boy rest, he needs that.

 Avoid picking him up unless it's absolutely necessary as this can tear any incision. Try and restrict your cat's movement by removing anything your cat can climb and jump on, like cat trees. Avoid bathing your cat for 10-14 days after surgery. Give him pain medication only as directed by your vet. Watch for vomiting and check his gums. They should be pale pink to red in colour. Look for signs of pain like lethargy, persistent attempts to hide or escape, loss of appetite, growling, hissing and anxiety.

Watch for other warning signs like vomiting on the first night, fever or chills, decreased appetite or failure to eat anything after 24 hours for a cat and 12 hours for a kitten and painful urination. Contact a vet immediately if your cat is unresponsive, unconscious, having difficulty breathing or bleeding. Make sure you keep any follow up appointments and see your vet if you have any concerns following surgery.

Spaying/Neutering in the UK

Neutering helps to reduce the number of unwanted litters. British Vetenary Association strongly supports the practice of spaying and neutering cats for preventing the birth of unwanted litters and the cause of genetic defects. BWA believes that neutering should be preformed with adequate anaesthesia and that pain relief should be given before and after surgery. BVA recommends that pet cats are neutered from 16 weeks. In feral and rescue cats, it may be necessary to neuter earlier than 16 weeks. In these cases, neutering is carried out at 8-12 weeks and this is considered safe and appropriate compared with the harm that comes with not neutering. Cats Protection believes that getting your cat neutered before it can breed is an essential part of responsible cat ownership. Without neutering, the UK's cat population can quickly get out of control. Overpopulation increases infectious diseases, conflict and can compromise a cat's welfare. Cats Protection generally recommends that kittens are neutered at around 4 months of age. As kittens reach sexual maturity and breed from 4 months, Cats Protection recommends that cats are neutered than to prevent unwanted litters.

Spaying/Neutering in the US

A majority of states have implemented mandatory spay and neuter laws to address the overpopulation of homeless animals. The goal is to decrease the number of unwanted animals that suffer and die on the streets, decrease the risk to public health and safety and reduce the cost to local governments for impounding and putting animals to sleep. Exceptions are made for animals that are medically unfit. Violations are punishable both civilly and criminally with fines being the most common penalty.

Animals shelters are required in approximately 30 states to provide spaying and neutering of all dogs and cats they transfer or adopt out. Generally agencies are required to have a sexually mature dog or cat (usually 6 months or older) spayed/neutered by a licensed vet prior to releasing to a new owner. Animals may be released prior to spaying/neutering but in most cases, a person has to sign an agreement to spay or neuter their pet. This agreement requires you to have your pet spayed or neutered by a licensed vet within 30 days of date of adoption or of becoming sexually active. The person getting the animals without it being spayed or neutered first must pay for the procedure and a deposit is required by the adopter to ensure the neuter/spay of the animal. The deposit is usually refunded when the agency have proof of the operation being done.

There are some exceptions to the mandatory requirements such as animals used for breeding, hunting or livestock production. Animals that are medically unfit are often exempt from being spayed or neutered as it will make the procedure unsafe or endanger the life of the animal. The overpopulation of unwanted pets not only results in millions of animals being euthanised each year but puts pressure on limited public resources to care for and find homes for these animals. States have responded by adopting laws that make it mandatory for agencies and shelters to have dogs and cats spayed or neutered. The majority of these laws are directed at new owners adopting pets from animal shelters and local humane societies. Several states use the threat of criminal penalties to enforce such laws.

Cost and help with costs USA

The cost of a spay may vary but typically costs from between $300 to $500 for females and around $200 for males. This is if you have it done at a private, full service vet practice but there are less expensive options. Cat owners can have the surgery performed by a non profit spay/neuter service for around $50 and can be higher or lower depending on where you live. All surgeries are done by licensed vets. Some pet insurance plans provide coverage for spay and neuter surgery and you can find a low cost provider in your area by visiting the humane society or ASPCA websites.

Common myths about spaying and neutering and the facts

Myth: It's better to have one litter before spaying a female cat
FACT: Every litter counts. Medical evidence indicates just the opposite. In fact, the evidence shows that females spayed before their first heat are typically healthier.

MYTH: I want my children to experience the miracle of birth
FACT: The miracle of birth is quickly overshadowed by the thousands of animals euthanised in animal shelters. Teach children that all life is precious by spaying and neutering your pets.

MYTH: My pet is purebred
FACT: So is at least one in every four pets brought to animal shelters around the country. There are many cats, mixed breed or purebred.

MYTH: I want my cat to be protective
FACT: It is a cat's natural instinct to protect their home and family. A cat's personality is formed more from genetics and environment than by sex hormones.

MYTH: I don't want my male cat to feel like less of a male
FACT: Pets don't have concept of sexual identity or ego. Neutering will not change a pet's basic personality. He doesn't suffer any emotional reaction or identity crisis when neutered.

MYTH: My cat will get fat and lazy
FACT: The truth is that most pets get fat and lazy because their owners feel them too much and don't give them enough exercise.

MYTH: My cat is so special, I want a kitten just like her
FACT: Your pet's kittens have an unlikely chance of being a carbon copy of your pet. Even professional breeders can't make this guarantee. There are shelter pets waiting for homes who are just as cute, smart, sweet and loving as your own.

MYTH: It's expensive to get my pet spayed or neutered
FACT: Many low cost options exist for spay/neuter services. Most regions of the US have at least one spay/neuter clinic within driving distance that charge $100 or less for the procedure and many vet clinics provide discounts through subsidised vouchers.

MYTH: I'll find good homes for my kittens
FACT: You may find good homes for your pet's kittens but you can only control what decisions you make with your own pet, not the decisions of other people make with theirs. Your pet's kittens could end up in an animal shelter as one of the many homeless pets competing for a home.

Every country has different laws and regulations about animals. You can check online to see what they are in your country. Bottom line though is everyone should be responsible and spay or neuter their pet.
Remember BCR is a lifetime sanctuary for cats. We do not adopt. 
If you are going to get a pet please check your local animal shelters. 
Adopt don't Shop!